Jan 12, 2018 in Medicine

Nutrition

The process of weight loss is an essential goal for overweight individuals. This is because moderate weight loss  by roughly 5% of body weight improves insulin action (Pi-Sunyer 602). Weight loss takes place when energy expenditure exceeds energy intake, therefore, severe calorie restriction and low calorie diet is likely to help to reduce weight. Besides, there are health problems associated with body weight such as arthritis, diabetes, heart diseases, among others. Luckily, there are programs that help to reduce weight. Some of the programs that help to lose weight are non-clinical, which means that they are a weight loss programs where councilors come together to help an individual to lose weight. These are the programs that need to be modified because some of these councilors may or may not have training in the area of exercise and diet. The other programs are clinical ones, where a patient undergo a supervision by a licensed health care provider. These include weight loss drugs, surgery, and extremely low-calorie diets. All these options require strict supervision of a health care provider. There are also “Do It Yourself” (DIY) programs that are popular because they are inexpensive (Wing 655). This is where an individual comes up with his/her own diet program based on the Internet information.

The most appropriate nutrient modification is through partial meal replacement. One may choose to take exceptionally low fat diets. Additionally, meal replacements act as a part of a balanced and healthier diet (Williams 129). To some extent, people involved in these programs are not knowledgeable because they ought to have avoided becoming overweight at an early stage. The most appropriate program is the “Do It Yourself” program since it is inexpensive. There are dangers associated with a program without the supervision of a health provider. This is because one may be misinformed. All the above methods are effective depending on whichever method the patient prefers.

Finally, I would recommend that overweight people eat very-low-fat diets such as Dean Ornish and Pritikin. I would also recommend the partial meal replacement as long as the patients eat at least 1,200 calories per day.

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