Indigenous Women and Smoking During Preganancy
The main purpose of these authors’ argument is to investigate the causes of smoking amongst Indigenous women in Australia. This purpose was advanced because there was campaign against the effects of tobacco.
The research is credible since it explored the topic of discussions from various primary and secondary sources. Notably, the sources employed a range from different time spans as there are old sources and recent sources. In addition, the sources do not reflect a single publisher.
The article has a level 5 heading, which is the main topic of the article, and it provides the abstract to the reading. The topics that follow can be considered under level 3. This is because they are flushed left and capitalized. The level three headings avail different sections of the reading such as data and methodology, the number of people that were interviewed, results and the discussion regarding the topic.
The first section after the abstract introduces the purpose of the research, which is like the background need for the study that concerns why Indigenous Australian women smoke during pregnancy despite the concerted effort on campaigns against tobacco. A relation between this part and the abstract part abounds from the fact that, in this section, the author restates his argument in the abstract although in this section, the authors discuss the introduction at lenght, which facilitates a reader to get the main point of discussion.
The article seeks to establish the causes of smoking amongst Indigenous Australian women. The established reasons for their smoking regards reduction of stress and relaxation and this was established from their stories (Wood, France, Hunt, Eades, & Slack-Smith, 2008).
The main idea supports my main statement as one of the sections covered concerns exploration of what leads the Indigenous women to smoke during preganancy. Furthermore, from the sources that have been used for the article reflect the main statement of the article.
Social Economic Disadvantage and Adolescent’s Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Behavior
The main purpose of these author’s argument is to establish the context difference in women from five countries and how it influences how disadvantaged they are. The author’s explore women from five countries, which include United States, Canada, France, Sweden and the Great Bratian and how the women in these contexts are disadvantaged.
The research is credible in that it utilized myriad sources, which entail both primary and secondary sources. The sources are credible because they have been published by renowed publishers such as SAGE and Routledge, and they were authored at different times, which assist to enhance the topic of discussion.
The main topic of the article is a level 5 topic, which can also be considered as the introduction of the topic of discussion. The other topics can be considered as level 3 because they are capitalized and flushed left. The second topic, which is “data and methodology”introduces the reader on what researches in each country did to come up with the result found. This is followed by the results section, which is also a level 3 topic that avails the results from each country and the extent of disadvantage.
This section introduces the extent of the problem of research, which concerns why girls in Europe are more prone to STDs and fewer pregnancies. The reasons established for this trend include the easiness to access reproductive health services, sexuality education and the openness in the societies regarding sexuality.
The main idea raised in the paragraphs concerns how adolescents are more prone to STDs than pregnancies in Europe. This trend is mainly blamed on the societal openness regarding sexuality, access to reproductive services and sexuality education (Singh, Darroch, & Frost, 2001).
The aforementioned trend has also been blamed on cross-country differences,regarding economic and societal disadvantage, which are the main determiners of the level of the STD infection in a country.
The article’s main idea supports my main statement because the data section explores the level of disadvantage in each country in relation to the number of STDs reported. Additionally, the article’s main argument supports my statement as the “adolescent childbearing section” reveals how the countries listed have a lower rate of the same.