Healthcare provision is subject to societal, cultural, ethical, legal, and political factors. These factors affect health care practices and determine their quality. Healthcare provision depends on the social, cultural, political, ethical, and legal practices in the environment.
Cultural, Ethical, and Societal factors
Culture affects people’s beliefs, values and morals as well as their behaviors and reaction to policies in their environment. In most cases, culture acts as a barrier to healthcare delivery such as counseling where therapists must be multiculturally competent (Woods, 2010). Illiterate or ignorant people have also been known to oppose healthcare practices such as birth control pills and vaccines based on religious beliefs. Ethics prevents medical malpractices such as misuse of patient data, ignorance, and intentional errors by medical staff. Woods (2010) notes that ethical codes improve healthcare quality and the professional relationship between the service provider and the patient. Societal factors such as lifestyle choices, financial ability, and demographic factors influence healthcare provision as well. The quality of health care is directly tied to the financial ability of the individual globally. Healthcare delivery statistics indicates high disparities between the wealthy and the poor (Woods, 2010).
Political and Legal Factors
Political and legal policies directly affect the quality of health care globally. Countries with stable political systems such as the United States have quality health care systems and legislations such as the Affordable Care Act. Politically unstable countries and equally underdeveloped such as in African have poor health care delivery systems. Health care policies are influenced by political leaders who implement them as laws or discard policies they fit unsuitable for their people (Blendon & SteelFisher, 2009). Legal factors such as drug safety, health care practices, and research limits affect healthcare delivery backed by political policies (Blendon & SteelFisher, 2009).
In conclusion, political, cultural, societal, ethical, and legal aspects affect health care delivery, research, and development. Ethics improves health care quality while political and legal factors may limit or develop health care delivery depending on responsible forces. Culture is a major hindrance to health care delivery as it affects people’s beliefs and lifestyles as well as acceptance of health care practices.
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