Motivation and Leadership
Generally employers presume that they can keep their employees motivated by offering high salaries. In the present work scenarios, however, employee attitudes towards work, motivation, and work-related emotions have drastically changed. Many employers understand that besides paying their employees good salaries they must innovate new tasks, so that employees are motivated more effectively than simply by offering good money. Research has revealed that job design has far more implications on employee motivation than monetary benefits that are promised them. Job design, as it has been seen, does not only have a positive impact on employee motivation levels, but also the long-term benefits that a business draws from the same (NSW Government, n.d.).
Job design is a method of encouraging employee participation in the tasks that they are most proficient in. Since their proficiency reflects their inner inclination with the task, they become highly skilled in the long run. Experienced employers, thus, accomplish twin goals by such a measure – keeping their workforces motivated and capitalizing on their acquired skills and expertise.
When a tripping point is reached in such a design the same employees can be shifted to a different aspect of the same skill, which helps to break the monotony and trigger a new wave of motivation. This leads into a candid rotation of jobs where each employee is able to multitask; something that interlinks employees with each other on account of uniformity is their skill sets. Team spirit grows in this way, which is another motivator.
There are multiple strategies through which employee motivation can be accomplished. These include autonomy, purpose, mastery, positive feedback and achievement. These can further be accomplished either through intrinsic or extrinsic motivators.
Positive feedback has been hailed as one of the best motivators since employees feel they are being acknowledged for the good work that they have done. Autonomy is equally important. It has been seen that when employees are being entrusted with handling a job on their own and not kept under continuous supervision they show more accountable behavior. When a person has energy to do a job and a desire to achieve a goal, it can be said that he is motivated to the fullest.