Compare and contrast compliance vs. ethics orientation
The primary virtues of the pluralist society include the prevention of concentration of power. The attribute ensures that no organization concentrates enough power to control others in the society. Therefore, the attribute provides the elimination of monism to ensure people are spoilt for choices. Furthermore, maximization of the freedom of expression virtue guarantees that all individuals in the society exercise their free speech without fear of repercussions (Gagnon & Sauca, 2014). The attribute provides that people interact freely and exchange ideas to bring about innovation and development in the community. In addition, the individuals are free to criticize the government or other organizations for the failure of meeting the demands of the society. The built-in checks and balances pluralist virtue ensures that the agencies do not act of their will (Ferreira, 2015). Instead, there exists a system of checks and balances to ensure that each of the individuals or organizations play their role effectively. The main actors in the pluralist society are the government and the subjects. The government guarantees free distribution of resources while the subjects abide by the constitution.
According to Rezaee (2015), compliance orientation is the act of following the law, while ethics orientation deals with doing what is right regardless of whether it follows the set rules or not. For example, failure to label products in the correct way is unethical but doing so is compliance to the set government standards. There exist fundamental differences between compliance and ethical orientation. Firstly, pure compliance focus undermines the way of thinking and the habits essential in doing ethical thinking. On the other hand, moral thinking is to an extent philosophical as compared to compliance orientation that is realistic and legalistic. Therefore, compliance thinking allows people to think and act based on the information at hand. Secondly, scholars have argued over time that compliance thinking squeezes out the ethics (Beshty, 2015). Thus, an organization can focus its efforts on following the law thereby compromising on the ethical considerations in the discussions. Thirdly, false consciousness, as it applies to compliance thinking, has been characteristic of the managers who have become accustomed to dealing with the daily issues in a more arbitrary rule- and method-based manner. Consequently, the advance may make managers not consider hard problems that are more ethics-based.
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