Amalia by Jose Marmol

The novel ‘Amalia’ by Jose Marmol is one of the most famous Latin American works. This book was written to object the tyranny of Juan Manuel de Rosas and to offer a representation of the political actions during his rule, however, the popularity of the book stems from the love story that steers the plot. Marmol narrates the story of Eduardo and, these two who fall in love as he is hiding in Amalia‘s home. Amalia and her cousin Daniel guard him from the harassment by Rosist, nevertheless before the lovebirds and the cousin can elope to protection, they are learnt by the death group and the young men perish. Several characters in this novel are historical and exist yet, and occupy the same position or social policy at the time of occurrence of events to be read (Marble 19).  

The author supposed that such a system such as this novel was good for both the lucidity of the narrative, and as well as the future of the book, intended to be read, and write the whole thing, being either good or bad, on the dramatic epoch of the dictatorship in Argentina, for future age group, who then will be associated with the system without a glitch, here adopted, under a retrospect describes characters in the contemporary world. This book was composed during his exile in Montevideo; he intended to express the political condition that existed in Buenos Aires in the 1840s by describing in backdated irony characters active in today. "Undeniably one of the accomplishments was the story and the illusion generated by the present-day reader that these events did not read but reserved in time. For this reason still discussed whether Amalia is a historical book or a policy (Marble 39).

The main topics in the book

Love: This is the main theme as this work is representative of Romanticism, and in that one of the main topics was love.

Tragedy: As in all romantic works are a part of tragedy is almost always end Amalia as in two of the main characters die.

War: At that time in Buenos Aires there was a conflict of war Lavalle army was led by Governor Rosas.

The narrator of the book

The narrator is a witness, "the May 4, 1840, at half past ten p.m. six men crossed the yard of a small house belgiano Street, in the city of Buenos Aires ... (Marble 73)"

Literary genre

The literary genre of the novel is the narrative as it tells about events that happened in space, time and place also chronologically.

The style in the book

The author articulates this novel in five parts; divided into chapters that each of them expresses the romance, tragedy and plot that the characters live in

Space in the book

The place where the events take place is in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina; the scene of some parts of the novel is in Montevideo (Uruguay).

Time in the book

Time is chronological because the story takes place in a few months of the year 1840: "It has been eleven days. The fifth is deserted... (Marble 86)

Exceptional literary figure in the book

The portrait:

"Colonel Don Francisco Lynch, a veteran of 1813, the most cultured man and society chosen, and remarkable beauty. (Marble 419)"


"Freedom will always lie, lie justice, human dignity lie;"

Use of metaphors:

"So far I have tried to be the dam of emigration .... not kill the cancer of individualism ... the gates of the homeland. "

The historical framework

The historical background of this book is the political situation in 1845, so-called the year of the theater. This was the year of the unsuccessful campaign to coup d'état Rosas Lavalle and subjugation carried through the cob. Lavalle does not give the impression as a character but the changes of their way to Buenos Aires and its succeeding flight define the most essential events of the story. In some places in the book, the narrator critics him for his retirement.


The historical characters are linked with purely fictional characters. Among the first to be merged into the novel with their names stand out portraits of Roses who is described as the root of all the ills that are experienced by the central characters, Maria Josefa who is the sister and unconditional friend of Roses and Manuelita Rosas. Amongst the fictional characters include Amalia Eduardo Daniel and Florence. Bestowing to the distinctive characterization of the serial, each other are assembled from an alignment of opposition that splits them into either good or evil or either as victims and victimizers. Following the strategies of the Romantic aesthetic together with other tragic characters appear that recount to episodes (Marble 232).

The imaginary occasions are blended with real events, characters with historical occasions. Appear and the tyrant and his family circle, Arana Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Maria Josefa Ezcurra named, the British minister Mandeville, intelligent and unselfish doctor Diego Alcorta, the cruel commander Cuitiño executed after the collapse of the dictatorship or Nicholas Marino, hack de Rosas and sinister composed body chief, whom the novelist believes possessed a passion for Amalia stubbornness. And extra characters like Solomon Barbarian president Popular Restoration Society, well identified by the cob, Victorica police chief and other figures of Buenos Aires and Montevideo whose name is connected to that time. The author through fiction is also disguised, memories of historical personal ups and downs before his banishment. The outcome is disastrous after discovering friendly asylum at the U.S. consulate, Amalia chooses to marry and elope the same night to Montevideo whereby he meets his wife (Marble 132).

The romantic idealization in the book is exaggerated, in accordance to the formulas of the school, in the extensive explanations and discussions amid the two lovers, is intertwined with the story of behaviors, the tragic act with sparkling dialogue and the comic argument and even cartoonish.  Despite its errors construction, style and the psychological reality in some circumstances, this is a book that is full color, readability, awareness, tragedy and patriotic sensation. However, it has magnificently been approved in the theater and cinema Argentine (Marble 342).


Amalia is a novel considered as part of social romanticism that lived in the nineteenth century in Latin America. It is important to know the stages through which it has passed literature throughout the ages and romance is a very important period where they meet the main features of a society, different social classes, and a morality based on the interests of everyone and forbidden love for the causes of a community of falsehood. Strengthening economic and political struggles of the time a primary influenced the writer José marble, which is quite evident in Amalia because instead of a novel seems chronicle of an event of that time (Marble 232).It was written in the period of the reign of terror of the Dictator Rosa in the 1840s but shields many imaginary characters subsequent to the factual history and important individuals up to the period when he starts to get really offensive. This is in a time of war and political and civil issues where everyone is willing to kill to achieve their purposes, there can be no winners, everyone loses, some families, other friends, other as in this case lose the love of his life, why both fought, or end away from their homeland, and their lands in order to protect their lives.

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